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Device Design

Design and Development of Medical Electronic Instrumentation

by: D. Prutchi and M. Norris

Master the building blocks of medical devices with this hands-on guide

This book provides a uniquely practical approach that enables readers to learn the design of medical electronic devices through the analysis of specific projects.

Walking you through the building blocks of implementing medical devices, Design and Development of Medical Electronic Instrumentation addresses the practical aspects of amplifying, processing, simulating, and evoking biopotentials. It provides real-world projects that range from simple biopotential amplifiers all the way to a computer-controlled defibrillator. Anyone with a basic understanding of circuit design and electrical engineering mathematics and experience in electronic prototype construction will find these projects accessible.

With access to an ftp site that contains the software and information needed to successfully complete the projects outlined, this book will help one quickly master the essentials of medical device design and build sophisticated instrumentation for a broad range of purposes.
 average customer review: 5 stars

Publisher’s review by Josey-Bass:

“Design and Development of Medical Electronic Instrumentation fills a gap in the existing medical electronic devices literature by providing background and examples of how medical instrumentation is actually designed and tested. The book includes practical examples and projects, including working schematics, ranging in difficulty from simple biopotential amplifiers to computer-controlled defibrillators. Covering every stage of the development process, the book provides complete coverage of the practical aspects of amplifying, processing, simulating and evoking biopotentials. In addition, two chapters address the issue of safety in the development of electronic medical devices, and providing valuable insider advice.”

Book Review by EDN:

Books still offer serious design help” – By Bill Schweber – EDN 1/12/2005

With the wide availability of vendor application notes, Web-based sources, reference designs, and EDA tools, books may seem to be outmoded information sources for engineers. But that’s not at all the case. In the past few months, EDN has received the following noteworthy books:

Design and Development of Medical Electronic Instrumentation by David Prutchi and Michael Norris (Wiley-Interscience, ISBN 0471676233) details this application’s unique requirements and constraints, exploring with general discussion, schematic diagrams, representative waveforms, and typical-design photos.”

Book Review by Book News, Inc.:

Intending their work as a supplement to the existing literature on medical device design, Prutchi and Norris (the vice president of product development and a senior electronics engineer, respectively, for Impulse Dynamics, a Netherlands-based company “focused on the development of electrical therapies for the treatment of heart failure, obesity and diabetes”) provide tested examples of medical device projects, along with pertinent background, in order to demonstrate the practical aspects of medical device design and testing. They describe the development of biopotential amplifiers, filtering of biopotential signals, safety considerations in the design of prototypes, international regulations regarding electromagnetic compatibility, physiological “smart” sensors, artificial signal sources, principles and clinical applications of electrical stimulation of excitable tissues, cardiac pacing and defibrillation, and an engineer’s perspective on bringing a device to market. The project descriptions assume an understanding of circuit design, electronic prototype construction, and basic physiology.

Book Review  in AAMI’s “Biomedical Technology & Instrumentation” by Barret C. Craner

From: The Reading Room, Biomedical Instrumentation & Technology, Vol. 39 (4), pp. 280-281 (July/August 2005):

“The idea of such a compendium of design examples, accompanied by an excellent explanation of the application of those circuits to physiologic devices is unique and will provide a substantial source for both academic and personal uses…”

…[Reviewer presents thorough opinion on contents]…

“…It is a comprehensive presentation of design, test, and discussion relating primarily to those devices in the physiological signal acquisition and delivery areas, also focusing on device electrical safety.  Putting such a valuable compendium together was likely a monumental task for the authors.  This reviewer finds this text a valued part of his library for the several areas extremely well elucidated.  And talking with a few colleagues, the reviewer confirmed that this text will have wide appeal in the medical design area, not just with hospital biomedical engineers, but also those who design the devices”

CLICK HERE for complete review by Biomedical Instrumentation & Technology

Book Review in Annals of Biomedical Engineering, Vol. 34, No. 6, June 2006 , p. 1069

“Only a very few, new comprehensive general books on bioelectronics and medical instrumentation have been published in the past few years. David Prutchi and Michael Norris’ Design and Development of Medical Electronic Instrumentation is a new addition to the literature that features a successful confluence of practical and contemporary perspectives on design, construction, testing, and development of medical devices.

Going well beyond the usual books on electronics related to biomedical device design and testing, this reasonably large book formulates an integrated approach to the subject. All of the chapters, since written only by two authors, maintain a consistent style resulting in seamless coverage of various techniques and technologies, ranging from a simple biopotential amplifier all the way up to an intelligent defibrillator system. The book’s readability is enhanced by the vignettes interspersed throughout the text, which connect the authors’ scholarly observations and practical experiences in numerous R&D projects and clinical trials.

All major aspects of electronic instrumentation design are covered, although there are some differences in emphasis and detail, as might be expected. Chapters provide a primer on signal amplifiers, enlighten us on the international regulations concerning device design, and review data sensing, acquisition, conversion, and analysis.

The book succeeds in providing a fine overview of principles, clinical applications, and design of excitable tissue stimulators and design of cardiac pacemakers and defibrillators, with space devoted for refreshing the readers with the electrophysiology of the heart, its electroconductive defects, and arrhythmias. The authors also provide the readers with an access to an ftp site that contains the software and information needed to successfully complete the projects outlined in the book. Plus a special epilogue on how to bring a medical device to market is useful, but not rigorous and extensive to what I personally expected, but will assist the readers to grasp the fundamentals of the regulatory system supervising the medical device industry. Throughout, the textbook is well written with accuracy and amply contains high-quality circuit illustrations. The book is user-friendly, accurate, and relatively straightforward, and will be very useful to anyone with a basic understanding of circuit theory, and with a little experience in electrical and electronic prototype development.

Guruprasad Madhavan, State University of New York”

Click here to read about the book’s contents.


The book is also available in Chinese (July 2011) from China Machine Press.

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